Various activities are funded under the ERA to strengthen Europe’s research and innovation system. The aim is to ensure that knowledge and highly-skilled workforce can circulate freely in the Union, that research outputs are shared rapidly and efficiently, that researchers benefit from attractive career paths, that gender equality is ensured, that Member States and associated countries develop common strategic research agendas, aligning national plans, defining and implementing joint programmes, and that the outcomes of R&I are understood and trusted by informed citizens and benefit society as a whole. Universities must be modernized and high ethical standards must be respected.
The overarching goal is to further expand the European Research Area and intensify collaboration. An important point of reference here is the European Commission’s communication “A new European Research Area for Research and Innovation“. At the same time, it is important to bear in mind the contribution to the achievement of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals.
Within the area of Reforming and enhancing the European R&I system, we can distinguish 14 subject areas. These are set out in the legal texts of Horizon Europe and all aim to contribute to reforming and strengthening the EU’s research and innovation system: